Panel Subject 2019: Inclusion

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This page is for coordination among the panel team to openly discuss the topics that will be covered under the subject of the "Inclusion" The page includes the relevant survey results, Panel Guidelines and a section for the panel team to discuss in the comments.

Survey Topic

Working Title: An Internet for All Americans

Working Description: The stakes are higher than ever for those that who do not have access to the Internet. Connectivity has increasingly become a prerequisite to participation in society, including getting a quality education, access to economic opportunity, civic engagement and even physical world activities, such as parking in many city centers. Despite these realities, some rural, remote, indigenous and inner cities communities are still not online. Achieving the goal of an Internet for all Americans will require collaboration between all stakeholder groups, including local community members and governments, technology experts, civil society, the federal government, and more working together to look beyond mere connectivity to issues including affordability, digital literacy, and services on the Internet that are accessible and relevant to people’s lives.

Important Links

Important Links
Collaborative Planning Document
Panel Team
Join the Team

Panel Guidelines

Panel teams should use this process to discuss the panel and get as close as possible to consensus on the following items by April 17.

  • Identify a concrete subject for the panel based upon discussion and rough consensus. The subject and process must take into account the IGF-USA Principles, and the survey response topics that the subject is based upon.
  • Panel teams should also consult the Topics Suggested under Other during the survey, especially comments that relates directly to a topic that performed well on the survey.
  • Assign team leader(s) and a representative to interface with the steering committee and provide ongoing up to date information to secretariat.

Related Submissions

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Timestamp Submission Number Submission Issue Areas Comments SG
Timestamp Submission Number Submission Issue Areas Comments SG
2019-01-28 8:38:05 AM 2019 Submission 1 AI, blockchain, AR/VR, and more global access were among the emerging technologies mentioned in the Global IGF 2018-Paris video survey. Access Nearly 150 attendees at Global IGF 2018-Paris spoke in video interviews on which new digital technologies will create the best opportunities for a better world for all over the next decade. The responses are displayed on the Imagining the Internet site http://www.elon.edu/e-web/imagining/event-coverage/global_igf_2018/best_new_digital_tech.xhtml; and you can also view the video responses in a YouTube playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QN-aZ2WkIoU&list=PLf2o-VmxcSBeCFHcszREBIVjpgea41l0C Responses by far the most-mentioned were AI, blockchain and more access. While the Internet of Things, VR and others were mentioned by some, many were looking forward to developments in AI and Blockchain and to promoting more access to the internet to more people globally. Civil Society / Academia
2019-01-31 4:19:09 PM 2019 Submission 10 Digital Inclusion with a focus on fixed wireless deployments in rural America. Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-01-31 4:19:09 PM 2019 Submission 10 Digital Inclusion with a focus on fixed wireless deployments in rural America. Digital Inclusion Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-04 1:16:32 PM 2019 Submission 20 Standards for enforcement as to the differential between advertised Internet speed, actual speed, and attribution as to any differential. Access Enforcement as to speed differentials, and enhanced user confidence, may be best accomplished with a combination of private and public sector enforcement, including USG FTC, DOJ, and CFIUS action. None / Other
2019-02-04 2:16:21 PM 2019 Submission 21 Disinformation/Misinformation and Democracy, National Data Privacy Law Framework, Future of Online News, Broadband and 5G Access/Equality Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-04 3:01:47 PM 2019 Submission 22 The importance of Electricity in community networks Access Government / Intergovernmental Organization
2019-02-05 3:06:13 AM 2019 Submission 27 Access and safety Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-06 7:47:47 PM 2019 Submission 34 What government actions (e.g., legislation, funding) needed for local mesh networks for better bandwidth Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-01-28 4:57:24 PM 2019 Submission 4 Internet shutdown and the Digits Right in Africa Access None / Other
2019-02-10 10:16:03 PM 2019 Submission 44 Connecting the unconnected, digital inclusion and accessibility, can community networks solve connectivity issues, future of work. Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-10 10:16:03 PM 2019 Submission 44 Connecting the unconnected, digital inclusion and accessibility, can community networks solve connectivity issues, future of work. Digital Inclusion Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-11 9:06:46 AM 2019 Submission 47 Broadband availability and adoption - what barriers exist & what policy reforms could encourage more widespread broadband access in the US? Access Civil Society / Academia
2019-02-11 9:20:26 AM 2019 Submission 50 1 IoT security

2 Importance of collaboration for rural & remote access 3 Unintended consequences of regulation

4 Impacts of consolidation
Access 1) There is a growing, global call for IoT security, and in many countries it is an area without partisan disagreement. Governments, civil society, technologists, and others are actively working together to ensure that users are protected from malicious attacks and botnets are prevented. The Canada, Senegal, France and many others have take a multistakeholder approach to IoT security, enlisting the help of all stakeholder groups to ensure they do their part. In the United States, home to one of the largest markets for IoT devices in the world, there is no comprehensive plan, label, or education campaign for IoT security. What can the stakeholders present for the IGF USA do to push forward in this space? Links: http://iotsecurity2018.ca https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2018/11/a-critical-first-step-for-iot-security-in-senegal/ https://www.internetsociety.org/news/press-releases/2019/internet-society-advances-iot-security-in-france/ https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/2018/iot-security-for-policymakers/ 2) In 2018, over half the world's population was said to have access to the Internet. And while that is a milestone to be celebrated, it makes the difference between those with and without Internet access even more stark. In the United States, rural, remote, and Indigenous communities are significantly less likely to have access to the Internet than their urban and non-Indigenous counterparts. And they can't get access alone. It will take coordination and collaboration between all stakeholder groups -- from local community members, to technology experts, civil society, the federal government, and more working together to close the digital divide in the US. This is a topic that was discussed at length at the 2018 Indigenous Connectivity Summit, and it will be discussed again at the 2019 Summit in Hawaii. This session could highlight times when collaboration has led to robust connectivity solutions in rural and remote areas, and what more the stakeholders in the room could do to ensure rural broadband is a reality. Links: https://www.internetsociety.org/indigenet/ https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2019/2018-indigenous-connectivity-summit-community-report/ https://www.internetsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/2018-Indigenous-Connectivity-Summit-Community-Report_EN.pdf 3) Today, almost every country in the world is currently in the business of “regulating the Internet.” But regulation of the Internet can have unintended consequences. One such consequence is extra-territorial application. Another one is how regulation can impact the infrastructure of the Internet, challenging the characteristics of its original design. This becomes particularly important for what it means for a resilient, global Internet. The Internet was not designed to recognize physical boundaries or to comply with only one actor’s rules. Resiliency is ensured through diversity of infrastructure and this diversity comes from nodes located globally, in different parts of the world. Internet regulation that is unfocused, uninformed and disproportionate can provide the wrong incentives for state actors to engage in a regulatory race that will only result in a fractured, less resilient Internet. As the United States considers new regulations on privacy, security, and other important issues, this workshop will seek to advance a conversation about how policy makers should balance the need for user protection with the need to protect the integrity of the infrastructure of the Internet. Links: https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2018/10/splintering-the-internet-the-unintended-consequence-of-regulation/ https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2018/the-internet-and-extra-territorial-effects-of-laws/ 4) Consolidation is not a new phenomenon, but often an expected evolution as industries and markets mature. Opportunities to reduce costs, expand market share, and enhance scalability are intrinsic incentives in any economic domain where companies acquire competitors or subsume parts of the production chain. Globally, trends of consolidation in the Internet Economy – including growing forces of concentration, vertical and horizontal integration, and fewer opportunities for market entry and competition – may shape not just the ways in which the Internet is used by people around the world, but its future technical evolution in the next three to five years. Today, such trends of consolidation are visible in almost all parts of the Internet economy, from access provision to services at the application layer. Looking from the national to the global level, what are the underlying drivers of these trends? What are the implications for the Internet’s technical evolution and its users? Links: https://www.internetsociety.org/globalinternetreport/2018/concept-note/ https://future.internetsociety.org/ None / Other
2019-02-11 10:44:31 AM 2019 Submission 53 The Next Generation Internet: Investigating Community Networks as a Socio-Legal, Technical System and as a Public Trust Access SEEC Harlem (CNS-1737453) project involves research within the Harlem community in New York City, and with partner universities (University of Arizona, University of Virginia, and Fordham University). SEEC Harlem aims to exploit edge cloud computing in the dense urban environment of upper Manhattan to realize new affordable and accessible computing. Silicon Harlem and the mayor’s office of NYC are the primary community and government partners for both projects. From a local governance standpoint, we are working with a participatory technology assessment methodology to look next generation community internet as a public trust. Private Sector
2019-02-11 11:38:44 AM 2019 Submission 58 Aligning with the UN and other bodies to agree upon a standard definition for digital literacy. See additional context below. Digital Inclusion According to UNESCO, “literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute, and use printed, and written materials associated with varying contexts” (UNESCO). However, there is no such consensus or clarity around a standard for digital literacy. Without such a global or uniform definition, it is difficult for the world to address digital cooperation issues and measure progress. Imagine the impact if the UN were to support a comprehensive framework for digital skills and intelligence and endorse a global standard for a definition of digital literacy and skills. This could aid in achieving a measurement and reporting methodology while enabling individuals, organizations, and nation states to track their progress over time. Private Sector
2019-02-11 3:11:34 PM 2019 Submission 69 Internet Accessibility Digital Inclusion The internet has produced incredible advances in creating an experience for those with disabilities equivalent to those without disabilities. Further, demographic trends (e.g., the aging Baby Boomer generation) have led to the creation of niche market opportunities to service those with disabilities. Platform owners and the developers who leverage their ecosystems have recognized the responsibility to develop technology that is accessible and usable by everyone, including those with disabilities. This session should feature software developers, policymakers, as well as industry and civil society stakeholders, who can educate, and share perspectives with, IGF-USA member about the latest cutting-edge collaborations in creating internet accessibility for all – both challenges and opportunities. • https://www.internetsociety.org/resources/doc/2012/internet-accessibility-internet-use-by-persons-with-disabilities-moving-forward/ • https://marketingland.com/how-to-make-your-content-more-accessible-to-the-visually-impaired-255553 • https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2019/2/5/18210912/websites-ada-compliance-lawsuits Private Sector
2019-02-11 3:27:49 PM 2019 Submission 70 Usage of Internet as an International Development Tool Access The internet is much widespread than ever; however, the pace of internet growth has also slowed down in the last few years; especially, in the underdeveloped countries where different kinds of infrastructure are needed. Some community networks, satellite connectivity and other projects by the likes of Facebook and Google had brought some hope but they soon vanished. The focus on the west is mainly on the usage of internet for developing solutions that are more centric to entertainment; the biggest internet companies are social media firms and internet devices manufacturers and they certainly don't have a vision for using the internet in a way that could benefit the most underdeveloped countries of the world. A great tool as internet can go much more beyond face-filters and 4K movies to becoming a tool for poverty reduction, quality education and beyond. Private Sector